Luuk Boelens, Gert de Roo
This book is a message to be humble before truth and reality and to relinquish the idea of controlling them. Planners do not have that much control. In retrospect, it was easy to conclude that in conditions of constant population growth and with an economy in fairly good shape, a linear model of urban development would be relatively easy to maintain: the origin of the idea of certainty and control. The population in the Western world is no longer growing though; on the contrary, many regions and cities are facing population decline. Added to that, the economy is proving quite uncertain as well. The two together impact on spatial development.
This all means that we have to consider a fundamentally different perspective on the role of spatial planning and its position in urban and rural development. Instead of planning aiming to achieve controlled development, it might get more out of the various autonomous processes affecting urban and the rural areas. In addition to planners being experts or mediators, we might appreciate planners becoming managers of change, transition managers, adaptive responders and social entrepreneurs, supporting and guiding the various parties within urban and rural areas to find the positions which suit them best.
This book acknowledges these new identities and positions, with the planner acting as a manager of change. This book tries to present arguments in support of a discipline of spatial planning which adopts a different stance to the world, a more adaptive stance, and with a keen eye for self-organization processes: an eye for non-linear kinds of planning in a world of change.
NB The chapters of this book can also be downloaded (for free) separately as individual articles: Click on the links under the article titles in the Content overview below, or see the overview (including cover images) in the articles section of InPlanning.
1 Setting the scene – About planning and a world in change
Gert de Roo and Luuk Boelens
PART A – THE GENERIC
2 The Role of Planning in Self-Organizing Urban and Regional Systems
3 Self-organization and Spatial Planning – Foundations, challenges, constraints and consequences
Gert de Roo
4 Evolutionary Governance Theory and the Adaptive Capacity of the Dutch Planning System
Raoul Beunen, Martijn Duineveld and Kristof Van Assche
PART B – THE SPECIFIC
5 The Appropriated City – Citizens taking control?
Beitske Boonstra and Maurice Specht
6 The Mobilities of Home – Towards a new Planning for Mobilities based on an Actor-Relational Approach
Martin Dijst and Antje Gimmler
7 Integrated energy landscapes – How coevolution encourages planners to focus on developing linkages between renewable energy systems and local landscapes
Jessica de Boer and Christian Zuidema
8 Towards an evolutionary network approach of cluster policies – Skill-relatedness, FDI and multilevel governance in Zuid- Holland, The Netherlands
Frank van Oort, Nicolas van Geelen and Helmut Thöle
9 Public Private Partnerships – Pursuing adaptive qualities in spatial projects
Frits Verhees and Jos Arts
10 Land and property development in times of crisis – Choosing the right governance strategies
Erwin van der Krabben and Peter Ache
11 Complex patterns of self-organized neighbourhoods
Jenni Partanen and Anssi Joutsiniemi
12 Coalition planning – Directive, collective and connective ways of working on the interface of established institutions and individual aspirations
Martine de Jong